从搭建大数据环境说起,到执行WordCount所遇到的坑

从搭建大数据环境说起,到执行WordCount所遇到的坑

背景说明

最近(2020年12月20日)在了解大数据相关架构及技术体系。

虽然说只是了解,不需要亲自动手去搭建一个环境并执行相应的job

但是,技术嘛。就是要靠下笨功夫,一点点的积累。该动手的还是不能少。

所以,就从搭环境(基于docker)开始,一直到成功执行了一个基于yarn调度的wordcountjob

期间,遇到了不少坑点,一个一个填好,大概花了10个小时左右的时间。

希望能将这种血泪教训,分享给需要的人。花更少的时间,去完成整个流程。

注意:个人本地环境为macOS Big Sur

基于docker compose的大数据环境搭建

参考 docker-hadoop-spark-hive 快速构建你的大数据环境 搭建了一个大数据环境,调整了部分参数,以适用于mac os

主要是如下五个文件:

.
├── copy-jar.sh # spark yarn支持
├── docker-compose.yml # docker compose文件
├── hadoop-hive.env # 环境变量配置
├── run.sh # 启动脚本
└── stop.sh # 停止脚本

注意:mac osdocker有一个坑点就是无法直接在宿主机访问容器,我使用Docker for Mac 的网络问题及解决办法(新增方法四)中的方法四解决的。

注意:需要在宿主机配置好相应docker容器对应的ip,这才能保证job成功执行,且各个服务在宿主机访问的时候,跳转不会出现问题。这坑很深,慎踩

# switch_local

172.21.0.3 namenode
172.21.0.8 resourcemanager
172.21.0.9 nodemanager
172.21.0.10 historyserver

docker-compose.yml

version: '2' 
services:
  namenode:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-namenode:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    container_name: namenode
    volumes:
      - ~/data/namenode:/hadoop/dfs/name
    environment:
      - CLUSTER_NAME=test
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 50070:50070
      - 8020:8020
  resourcemanager:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-resourcemanager:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    container_name: resourcemanager
    environment:
      - CLUSTER_NAME=test
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 8088:8088
  historyserver:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-historyserver:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    container_name: historyserver
    environment:
      - CLUSTER_NAME=test
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 8188:8188
  datanode:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-datanode:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    depends_on: 
      - namenode
    volumes:
      - ~/data/datanode:/hadoop/dfs/data
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 50075:50075
  datanode2:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-datanode:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    depends_on: 
      - namenode
    volumes:
      - ~/data/datanode2:/hadoop/dfs/data
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 50076:50075
  datanode3:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-datanode:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    depends_on: 
      - namenode
    volumes:
      - ~/data/datanode3:/hadoop/dfs/data
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 50077:50075
  nodemanager:
    image: bde2020/hadoop-nodemanager:1.1.0-hadoop2.8-java8
    container_name: nodemanager
    hostname: nodemanager
    environment:
      - CLUSTER_NAME=test
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    ports:
      - 8042:8042
  hive-server:
    image: bde2020/hive:2.1.0-postgresql-metastore
    container_name: hive-server
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    environment:
      - "HIVE_CORE_CONF_javax_jdo_option_ConnectionURL=jdbc:postgresql://hive-metastore/metastore"
    ports:
      - "10000:10000"
  hive-metastore:
    image: bde2020/hive:2.1.0-postgresql-metastore
    container_name: hive-metastore
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
    command: /opt/hive/bin/hive --service metastore
    ports:
      - 9083:9083
  hive-metastore-postgresql:
    image: bde2020/hive-metastore-postgresql:2.1.0
    ports:
      - 5432:5432
    volumes:
      - ~/data/postgresql/:/var/lib/postgresql/data
  spark-master:
    image: bde2020/spark-master:2.1.0-hadoop2.8-hive-java8
    container_name: spark-master
    hostname: spark-master
    volumes:
      - ./copy-jar.sh:/copy-jar.sh
    ports:
      - 18080:8080
      - 7077:7077
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env
  spark-worker:
    image: bde2020/spark-worker:2.1.0-hadoop2.8-hive-java8
    depends_on:
      - spark-master
    environment:
      - SPARK_MASTER=spark://spark-master:7077
    ports:
      - "18081:8081"
    env_file:
      - ./hadoop-hive.env

hadoop-hive.env

HIVE_SITE_CONF_javax_jdo_option_ConnectionURL=jdbc:postgresql://hive-metastore-postgresql/metastore
HIVE_SITE_CONF_javax_jdo_option_ConnectionDriverName=org.postgresql.Driver
HIVE_SITE_CONF_javax_jdo_option_ConnectionUserName=hive
HIVE_SITE_CONF_javax_jdo_option_ConnectionPassword=hive
HIVE_SITE_CONF_datanucleus_autoCreateSchema=false
HIVE_SITE_CONF_hive_metastore_uris=thrift://hive-metastore:9083
HIVE_SITE_CONF_hive_metastore_warehouse_dir=hdfs://namenode:8020/user/hive/warehouse

CORE_CONF_fs_defaultFS=hdfs://namenode:8020
CORE_CONF_fs_default_name=hdfs://namenode:8020
CORE_CONF_hadoop_http_staticuser_user=root
CORE_CONF_hadoop_proxyuser_hue_hosts=*
CORE_CONF_hadoop_proxyuser_hue_groups=*

HDFS_CONF_dfs_webhdfs_enabled=true
HDFS_CONF_dfs_permissions_enabled=false

YARN_CONF_yarn_log___aggregation___enable=true
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_recovery_enabled=true
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_store_class=org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.resourcemanager.recovery.FileSystemRMStateStore
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_fs_state___store_uri=/rmstate
YARN_CONF_yarn_nodemanager_remote___app___log___dir=/app-logs
YARN_CONF_yarn_log_server_url=http://historyserver:8188/applicationhistory/logs/
YARN_CONF_yarn_timeline___service_enabled=true
YARN_CONF_yarn_timeline___service_generic___application___history_enabled=true
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_system___metrics___publisher_enabled=true
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_hostname=resourcemanager
YARN_CONF_yarn_timeline___service_hostname=historyserver
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_address=resourcemanager:8032
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_scheduler_address=resourcemanager:8030
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_resource__tracker_address=resourcemanager:8031
YARN_CONF_yarn_resourcemanager_resource__tracker_address=resourcemanager:8031
YARN_CONF_yarn_nodemanager_aux___services=mapreduce_shuffle

run.sh

#!/bin/bash

# 启动容器
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d namenode hive-metastore-postgresql
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d datanode datanode2 datanode3 hive-metastore
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d resourcemanager
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d nodemanager
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d historyserver
sleep 5
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d hive-server
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up -d spark-master spark-worker

# 获取ip地址并打印到控制台
my_ip=`ifconfig | grep 'inet.*netmask.*broadcast' |  awk '{print $2;exit}'`
echo "Namenode: http://${my_ip}:50070"
echo "Datanode: http://${my_ip}:50075"
echo "Spark-master: http://${my_ip}:18080"

# 执行脚本,spark yarn支持
docker-compose exec spark-master bash -c "./copy-jar.sh && exit"

copy-jar.sh

#!/bin/bash

cd /opt/hadoop-2.8.0/share/hadoop/yarn/lib/ && cp jersey-core-1.9.jar jersey-client-1.9.jar /spark/jars/ && rm -rf /spark/jars/jersey-client-2.22.2.jar

stop.sh

#!/bin/bash
docker-compose stop

基于IDEA提交MapReduceyarn

参考列表

  1. IDEA向hadoop集群提交MapReduce作业
  2. java操作hadoop hdfs,实现文件上传下载demo
  3. IDEA远程提交mapreduce任务至linux,遇到ClassNotFoundException: Mapper

注意:在提交至yarn的时候,要将代码打成jar包,否则会报错ClassNotFoundExeption。具体参考《IDEA远程提交mapreduce任务至linux,遇到ClassNotFoundException: Mapper》。

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.switchvov</groupId>
    <artifactId>hadoop-test</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0</version>

    <name>hadoop-test</name>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
            <artifactId>hadoop-client</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
            <artifactId>hadoop-common</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
            <artifactId>hadoop-hdfs</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.0</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

log4j.properties

log4j.rootLogger=INFO, console
log4j.appender.console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.console.Target=System.out
log4j.appender.console.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.console.layout.ConversionPattern=[%p] %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} method:%l%m%n

words.txt

this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests
this is a tests

HdfsDemo.java

package com.switchvov.hadoop.hdfs;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;

import java.io.InputStream;

/**
 * @author switch
 * @since 2020/12/18
 */
public class HdfsDemo {
    /**
     * hadoop fs的配置文件
     */
    private static final Configuration CONFIGURATION = new Configuration();

    static {
        // 指定hadoop fs的地址
        CONFIGURATION.set("fs.default.name", "hdfs://namenode:8020");
    }

    /**
     * 将本地文件(filePath)上传到HDFS服务器的指定路径(dst)
     */
    public static void uploadFileToHDFS(String filePath, String dst) throws Exception {
        // 创建一个文件系统
        FileSystem fs = FileSystem.get(CONFIGURATION);
        Path srcPath = new Path(filePath);
        Path dstPath = new Path(dst);
        long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
        fs.copyFromLocalFile(false, srcPath, dstPath);
        System.out.println("Time:" + (System.currentTimeMillis() - start));
        System.out.println("________准备上传文件" + CONFIGURATION.get("fs.default.name") + "____________");
        fs.close();
    }

    /**
     * 下载文件
     */
    public static void downLoadFileFromHDFS(String src) throws Exception {
        FileSystem fs = FileSystem.get(CONFIGURATION);
        Path srcPath = new Path(src);
        InputStream in = fs.open(srcPath);
        try {
            // 将文件COPY到标准输出(即控制台输出)
            IOUtils.copyBytes(in, System.out, 4096, false);
        } finally {
            IOUtils.closeStream(in);
            fs.close();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String filename = "words.txt";
//        uploadFileToHDFS(
//                "/Users/switch/projects/OtherProjects/bigdata-enviroment/hadoop-test/data/" + filename,
//                "/share/" + filename
//        );
        downLoadFileFromHDFS("/share/output12/" + filename + "/part-r-00000");
    }
}

WordCountRunner.java

package com.switchvov.hadoop.mapreduce.wordcount;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.IntWritable;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.LongWritable;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Reducer;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.FileInputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputFormat;

import java.io.IOException;


/**
 * @author switch
 * @since 2020/12/17
 */
public class WordCountRunner {

    /**
     * LongWritable 行号 类型
     * Text 输入的value 类型
     * Text 输出的key 类型
     * IntWritable 输出的value 类型
     *
     * @author switch
     * @since 2020/12/17
     */
    public static class WordCountMapper extends Mapper<LongWritable, Text, Text, IntWritable> {

        /**
         * @param key     行号
         * @param value   第一行的内容 如  this is a tests
         * @param context 输出
         * @throws IOException          异常
         * @throws InterruptedException 异常
         */
        @Override
        protected void map(LongWritable key, Text value, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {
            String line = value.toString();
            // 以空格分割获取字符串数组
            String[] words = line.split(" ");
            for (String word : words) {
                context.write(new Text(word), new IntWritable(1));
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Text 输入的key的类型
     * IntWritable 输入的value的类型
     * Text 输出的key类型
     * IntWritable 输出的value类型
     *
     * @author switch
     * @since 2020/12/17
     */
    public static class WordCountReducer extends Reducer<Text, IntWritable, Text, IntWritable> {
        /**
         * @param key     输入map的key
         * @param values  输入map的value
         * @param context 输出
         * @throws IOException          异常
         * @throws InterruptedException 异常
         */
        @Override
        protected void reduce(Text key, Iterable<IntWritable> values, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {
            int count = 0;
            for (IntWritable value : values) {
                count += value.get();
            }
            context.write(key, new IntWritable(count));
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        Configuration conf = new Configuration();
        // 跨平台,保证在 Windows 下可以提交 mr job
        conf.set("mapreduce.app-submission.cross-platform", "true");
        // 配置yarn调度
        conf.set("mapreduce.framework.name", "yarn");
        // 配置resourcemanager的主机名
        conf.set("yarn.resourcemanager.hostname", "resourcemanager");
        // 配置默认了namenode访问地址
        conf.set("fs.defaultFS", "hdfs://namenode:8020");
        conf.set("fs.default.name", "hdfs://namenode:8020");
        // 配置代码jar包,否则会出现ClassNotFound异常,参考:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_19648191/article/details/56684268
        conf.set("mapred.jar", "/Users/switch/projects/OtherProjects/bigdata-enviroment/hadoop-test/out/artifacts/hadoop/hadoop.jar");
        // 任务名
        Job job = Job.getInstance(conf, "word count");
        // 指定Class
        job.setJarByClass(WordCountRunner.class);
        // 指定 Mapper Class
        job.setMapperClass(WordCountMapper.class);
        // 指定 Combiner Class,与 reduce 计算逻辑一样
        job.setCombinerClass(WordCountReducer.class);
        // 指定Reucer Class
        job.setReducerClass(WordCountReducer.class);
        // 指定输出的KEY的格式
        job.setOutputKeyClass(Text.class);
        // 指定输出的VALUE的格式
        job.setOutputValueClass(IntWritable.class);
        //设置Reducer 个数默认1
        job.setNumReduceTasks(1);
        // Mapper<Object, Text, Text, IntWritable> 输出格式必须与继承类的后两个输出类型一致
        String filename = "words.txt";
        String args0 = "hdfs://namenode:8020/share/" + filename;
        String args1 = "hdfs://namenode:8020/share/output12/" + filename;
        // 输入路径
        FileInputFormat.addInputPath(job, new Path(args0));
        // 输出路径
        FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(job, new Path(args1));
        System.exit(job.waitForCompletion(true) ? 0 : 1);
    }
}

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